Glaucoma Risk Factors

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Novita Angriani
Marliyanti N. R. Akib
Farah Ekawati Mulyadi
Sri Irmandha
Santriani Hadi
Rachmat Faisal Syamsu

Abstract

Background: Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness for over 70 million people worldwide. Bilateral blindness occurs with an estimated 10%. In Indonesia, the prevalence of glaucoma is 0,46%. That means, that 4 to 5 out of 1.000 people suffer from glaucoma.


Content: The aim of this study was to analyze four risk factors that can affect the occurrence of glaucoma, namely age factor with diabetes and hypertension history, gender, family medical history, and race. This research used a literature review from 20 journals containing four risk factors for glaucoma. The results showed that diabetes and hypertension are often found in the elderly and that glaucoma symptoms can be exacerbated by increased intraocular pressure. Moreover, glaucoma patient with a positive family medical history of glaucoma has a higher value of intraocular pressure than glaucoma patients without a positive family medical history of glaucoma. Other results showed that men are more at risk because they have a different axial length than women, and Asians are considered riskier than Europeans because Asians’ awareness of eye health is very low.


Conclusion: Based on the review, four risk factors could greatly affect the occurrence of glaucoma.

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