The Analysis of Factors that Influencing Mother's Knowledge Level on Basic Immunization

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Sul Fadly
Rini Fitriani
Asriani

Abstract

Introduction: One of the goals of WHO formulated at the Atlanta meeting in 1978 was to achieve health for all by 2000. The purpose of this study is to describe the factors that influence the level of mother’s knowledge regarding basic immunization.


Methods: The research was conducted in January - February 2020 in the Dahlia Health Center in Makassar. The sample was 80 mothers whose babies were immunized at the Dahlia Health Center. A purposive sampling method was used. The data collection method used was a survey questionnaire that was distributed to respondents. The data analysis used was a univariate data analysis using the SPSS.


Results: The largest subjects were senior high school education and the smallest subjects were university education. Most of the subjects were housewives or unemployed (75%) and the least of the subjects were civil servants (3.75%). Most subjects in this study were aged 21-35 years old (53.75%) and the least subjects were under 20 years old (15%). All respondents were Muslim (100%). Most of the family environment factors that their family did not accompany them for immunization (53.75%) and community environmental factors that around people brought their children for immunization (100%).


Conclusion: All factors of this study affect the mother’s knowledge but we can conclude that the most role influence of factors to knowledge mother were environment and religion.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

References

1. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Situasi Imunisasi di Indonesia. Infodatin 1–11 (2016).
2. Vivi, T. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Pada Bayi Tahun 2015. J. Kesehat. Masy. Andalas 10, 123–135 (2016).
3. Sari, D. N. I., Basuki, S. W. & Triastuti, N. J. Hubungan Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Imunisasi Dasar Dengan Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Bayi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bendo Kabupaten Magetan. Biomedika 8, (2017).
4. Fauziah, A. & Sudarti. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Dengan Ketepatan Waktu Melakukan Imunisasi Pada Bayi Di BPS Sri Martuti, Piyungan, Bantul, Yogyakarta. J. Med. Respati 11, 1–10 (2016).
5. Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Informasi Kesehatan Indonesia 2019. kementrian Kesehat. RI 8, 1–58 (2019).
6. Nugrawati, N. Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Ibu Terhadap Imunisasi Lengkap Pada Balita. J. Ilm. Kesehat. Pencerah 8, 2656–8004 (2019).
7. Yusniar. Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Mengenai Imunisasi Pada Bayi Usia 0-12 Bulan Di Puskesmas Plus Bara-Baraya Tahun 2012. (Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar 2012).
8. Sulistiyani, P., Shaluhiyah, Z. & Kusyogo, C. Gambaran Penolakan Masyarakat Terhadap Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Bagi Balita (Studi di Kelurahan Sendangmulyo, Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang). J. Kesehat. Masy. 5, 1081–1091 (2017).
9. Hartaty, H. & Menga, M. K. Pengetahuan Ibu tentang Imunisasi pada Bayi. J. Ilm. Kesehat. 1, 40–44 (2019).
10. Mulyani, S., Shafira, N. N. A. & Haris, A. Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi. JAMBI Med. J. ‘Jurnal Kedokt. dan Kesehatan 6, 45–55 (2018).
11. Dewi, A. P., Darwin, E. & Edison, E. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu dengan Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap pada Bayi di Kelurahan Parupuk Tabing Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Lubuk Buaya Kota Padang Tahun 2013. J. Kesehat. Andalas 3, 114–118 (2014).
12. Notoatmodjo, S. Promosi Kesehatan & Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta (2012).
13. Hidayah, N., Sihotang, H. M. & Lestari, W. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Pada Bayi Tahun 2017. J. Endur. 3, 153 (2018).
14. Mariana, N., Loriana, R. & Mustaming, M. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Perilaku Ibu Dalam Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi Di Puskesmas Wonorejo Samarinda. Husada Mahakam J. Kesehat. 4, 377 (2018).
15. Thomas, T. L. et al. Parental human papillomavirus vaccine survey (PHPVS): Nurse-led instrument development and psychometric testing for use in research and primary care screening. J. Nurs. Meas. 21, 96–109 (2013).
16. Prihanti, G. S., Rahayu, M. P. & Abdullah, M. N. Faktor – Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Status Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Diwilayah Kerja Puskesmas X Kota Kediri. Saintika Med. 12, 120 (2016).
17. Ahmed, S. et al. Resistance to Polio Vaccination in Some Muslim Communities and the Actual Islamic Perspectives – A Critical Review. Res. J. Pharm. Technol. 7, 494–495 (2014).
18. Sugiarti. Faktor – faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepatuhan Ibu dalam Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar pada Balita. Akad. Kebidanan Griya Husada 1, 74–85 (2015).
19. Pramodya, R. D., Susanti, A. I. & Nirmala, S. A. Pengaruh Penyuluhan Mengenai Imunisasi terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Ibu di Desa Sukarapih Kec. Sukasari. J. Sist. Kesehat. 1, 48–54 (2016).
20. Yundri, Setiawati, M., Suhartono, Setyawan, H. & Budhi, K. Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Ketidaklengkapan Status Imunisasi Anak di Puskesmas Kuala Tungkal II. J. Berk. Epidimiologi 5, 361–370 (2017).